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|The International Jewish Cook Book|
1600 Recipes According to the Jewish Dietary Laws with the Rules for Kashering; The Favorite Recipes of America, Austria, Germany, Russia, France, Poland, Roumania, Etc., Etc.
Author: Florence Kreisler Greenbaum
A Project Gutenberg eBook
*SAUCES FOR MEATS*
Pare and quarter tart apples. Put them in a saucepan with just enough
water to keep them from burning; bring to a boil quickly and cook until
the pieces are soft. Then press through a colander and add four
tablespoons of sugar (or less) to each pint of apples.
If desired, cinnamon or grated nutmeg may be sprinkled over the top
after the apple sauce is in the serving dish, or a little stick cinnamon
or lemon peel may be cooked with the apples. Serve with goose.
Fry one tablespoon chopped onion in one tablespoon fat. Add one
tablespoon of flour, one cup of soup stock, one teaspoon lemon juice,
salt and pepper to taste. Strain before serving.
The following sauces can be made by using brown sauce as a foundation:
*Mushroom Sauce.*--Add one-half cup mushrooms.
*Olive Sauce.*--Add a dozen olives, chopped fine.
*Wine Sauce.*--Add one-half cup wine and one tablespoon currant jelly.
Thicken with flour.
To one pint of cranberries take one and one-quarter cups of water.
Put the cranberries on with the water and cook until soft; strain
through a cloth; weigh and add three-fourths of a pound of sugar to
every pint of juice. Cook ten minutes; pour into molds and set aside to
cool. Serve with poultry, game or mutton.
Boil together one and one-half cups of sugar and one cup of water for
seven minutes, then add three cups of cranberries, well washed and
picked, and cook until the berries burst. Serve the same as cranberry
Nice for broiled steaks. Take one medium-sized onion, chopped very fine
and browned in fat; add a cup of strong beef gravy and a cup of claret
or white wine; add pepper, salt and a trifle of finely-chopped parsley;
allow this to simmer and thicken with a little browned flour.
CARAWAY, OR KIMMEL SAUCE
Heat a tablespoon drippings in a spider; add a little flour; stir smooth
with a cup of soup stock, added at once, and half a teaspoon of caraway
Stew some finely-chopped onions in fat; you may add half a clove of
garlic, cut extremely fine; brown a very little flour in this, season
with salt and pepper and add enough soup stock to thin it.
Boil some soup stock with a few slices of lemon, a little sugar and
grated nutmeg; add chopped parsley; thicken with a teaspoon of flour or
yolk of egg. Mostly used for stewed poultry.
Chop some mint fine; boil half a cup of vinegar with one tablespoon of
sugar; throw in the mint and boil up once; pour in a sauceboat and cool
off a little before serving.
Brown some fat in a spider, stir in a tablespoon of flour; stir until it
becomes a smooth paste; then add hot soup, stirring constantly; add a
handful of raisins, some pounded almonds, a few slices of lemon, also a
tablespoon of vinegar; brown sugar to taste: flavor with a few cloves
and cinnamon, and if you choose to do so, grate in part of a stick of
horseradish and the crust of a rye loaf. Very nice for fat beef.
HORSERADISH SAUCE, No. 1
Grate a good-sized stick of horseradish; take some soup stock and a
tablespoon of fat, salt and pepper to taste, a little grated stale
bread, a few pounded almonds. Let all boil up and then add the meat.
HORSERADISH SAUCE, No. 2
Heat one tablespoon of fat in a frying-pan, when hot cut up one-quarter
of an onion in it, and fry light brown, then brown one tablespoon
cracker meal or flour and add two tablespoons of grated horseradish;
let this brown a bit, then add some soup stock, one tablespoon of brown
sugar, two cloves, two bay leaves, salt, pepper and two tablespoons of
vinegar. Let cook a few minutes then add one more tablespoon of
horseradish and if necessary a little more sugar or vinegar. Lay the
meat in this sauce and cover on back of stove until ready to serve. If
gas stove is used, place over the simmering flame.
KNOBLAUCH SAUCE (GARLIC)
Heat a tablespoon of drippings, either of meat or goose in a frying-pan;
cut up one or two cloves of garlic very fine and let it brown slightly
in the heated fat; add a tablespoon of flour, a cup of soup stock or
warm water, salt, pepper to taste.
MAITRE D'HOTEL SAUCE
Take a heaping tablespoon of drippings or goose-fat, heat it in a
spider, stir two teaspoons of flour into this, then add gradually and
carefully a small cup of hot soup or water, the former is preferable;
add some chopped parsley, also the juice of a lemon; salt and pepper;
stir up well. May be used either with roast or boiled meats.
PREPARED BREAD CRUMBS FOR FRYING
All scraps of bread should be saved for crumbs, the crusts being
separated from the white part, then dried, rolled, and sifted, and put
away until needed in a covered glass jar.
The brown crumbs are good for the first coating, the white ones for the
outside, as they give better color. Cracker crumbs give a smooth
surface, but for most things bread crumbs are preferable.
For meats a little salt and pepper, and for sweet articles, a little
sugar, should be mixed with the crumbs. Crumbs left on the board should
be dried, sifted, and kept to be used again.
Frying is cooking in very hot fat or oil, and the secret of success is
to have the fat hot enough to harden the outer surface of the article to
be fried immediately and deep enough to cover these articles of food. As
the fat or oil can be saved and used many times, the use of a large
quantity is not extravagant.
To fry easily one must have, in addition to the deep, straight-sided
frying-pan, a frying-basket, made from galvanized wire, with a side
handle. The bale handles are apt to become heated, and in looking for
something to lift them, the foods are over-fried. The frying-pan must be
at least six inches deep with a flat bottom; iron, granite ware or
copper may be used, the first two are preferable. There must be
sufficient fat to wholly cover the articles fried, but the pan must not
be too full, or there is danger of overflow when heavy articles are put
in. After each frying, drain the fat or oil, put it into a receptacle
kept for the purpose, and use it over and over again as long as it
lasts. As the quantity begins to lessen, add sufficient fresh fat or oil
to keep up the amount.
Always put the fat or oil in the frying-pan before you stand it over the
Wait until it is properly heated before putting in the articles to be
Fry a few articles at a time. Too many will cool the fat or oil below
the point of proper frying and they will absorb grease and be
Put articles to be fried in the wire frying-basket and lower into the
boiling hot fat or oil. Test the fat by lowering a piece of stale bread
into it, if the bread browns in thirty seconds the fat is sufficiently
Fry croquettes a light brown; drain over the fat, lift the frying-basket
from the hot fat to a round plate, remove the articles from the basket
quickly to brown paper, drain a moment and serve.
When frying fish or any food that is to be used at a milk meal, use oil.
Olive oil is the best, but is very expensive for general use. Any other
good vegetable oil or nut oil will do as substitute.
When the food is intended for a meat meal; fat may be prepared according
to the following directions and used in the same manner as oil.
TO RENDER GOOSE, DUCK OR BEEF FAT
Cut the fat into small pieces. Put in a deep, iron kettle and cover with
cold water. Place on the stove uncovered; when the water has nearly all
evaporated, set the kettle back and let the fat try out slowly. When the
fat is still and scraps are shriveled and crisp at the bottom of the
kettle, strain the fat through a cloth into a stone crock, cover and set
it away in a cool place. The water may be omitted and the scraps slowly
tried out on back of stove or in moderate oven. When fat is tried out,
pour in crock.
Several slices of raw potato put with the fat will aid in the
All kinds of fats are good for drippings except mutton fat, turkey fat
and fat from smoked meats which has too strong a flavor to be used for
frying, but save it with other fat that may be unsuitable for frying,
and when six pounds are collected make it into hard soap.
TO MAKE WHITE HARD SOAP
Save every scrap of fat each day; try out all that has accumulated;
however small the quantity. This is done by placing the scraps in a
frying-pan on the back of the range. If the heat is low, and the grease
is not allowed to get hot enough to smoke or burn, there will be no odor
from it. Turn the melted grease into tin pails and keep them covered.
When six pounds of fat have been obtained, turn it into a dish-pan; add
a generous amount of hot water, and stand it on the range until the
grease is entirely melted. Stir it well together; then stand it aside to
cool. This is clarifying the grease. The clean grease will rise to the
top, and when it has cooled can be taken off in a cake, and such
impurities as have not settled in the water can be scraped off the
bottom of the cake of fat.
Put the clean grease into the dish-pan and melt it. Put a can of
Babbitt's lye in a tin pail; add to it a quart of cold water, and stir
it with a stick or wooden spoon until it is dissolved. It will get hot
when the water is added; let it stand until it cools. Remove the melted
grease from the fire, and pour in the lye slowly, stirring all the time.
Add two tablespoons of ammonia. Stir the mixture constantly for twenty
minutes or half an hour, or until the soap begins to set.
Let it stand until perfectly hard; then cut it into square cakes. This
makes a very good, white hard soap which will float on water.
Combine ingredients as directed in the recipe, roll the mixture lightly
between the hands into a ball. Have a plentiful supply of bread crumbs
spread evenly on a board; roll the ball lightly on the crumbs into the
shape of a cylinder, and flatten each end by dropping it lightly on the
board; put it in the egg (to each egg add one tablespoon of water, and
beat together), and with a spoon moisten the croquette completely with
the egg; lift it out on a knife-blade, and again roll lightly in the
crumbs. Have every part entirely covered, so there will be no opening
through which the grease may be absorbed. Where a light yellow color is
wanted, use fresh white crumbs grated from the loaf (or rubbed through a
puree sieve) for the outside, and do not use the yolk of the egg. Coarse
fresh crumbs are used for fish croquettes, which are usually made in the
form of chops, or half heart shape. A small hole is pricked in the
pointed end after frying, and a sprig of parsley inserted. Have all the
croquettes of perfectly uniform size and shape, and lay them aside on a
dish, not touching one another, for an hour or more before frying. This
will make the crust more firm.
The white of an egg alone may be used for egging them, but not the yolk
alone. Whip the egg with the water, just enough to break it, as
air-bubbles in the egg will break in frying, and let the grease
penetrate. Serve the croquettes on a platter, spread them on a napkin
and garnish with sprigs of parsley.
CHICKEN CROQUETTES, No. 1
Cook one-half tablespoon of flour in one tablespoon chicken-fat, add
one-half cup of soup stock gradually, and one-half teaspoon each of
onion juice, lemon juice, salt, and one-quarter teaspoon of pepper, one
and one-half cups of veal or chicken, chopped very fine, one pair of
brains which have been boiled, mix these well, remove from the fire and
add one well-beaten egg. Turn this mixture out on a flat dish and place
in ice-box to cool. Then roll into small cones, dip in beaten egg, roll
again in powdered bread or cracker crumbs and drop them into boiling
fat, fry until a delicate brown.
CHICKEN CROQUETTES, No. 2
Chop the chicken very fine, using the white meat alone, or the dark meat
alone, or both together. Season with salt, pepper, onion-juice, and
lemon-juice. Chopped mushrooms, sweetbreads, calf's brains, tongue, or
truffles are used with chicken, and a combination of two or more of them
much improves the quality of the croquettes.
CROQUETTES OF CALF'S BRAINS
Lay the brains in salt water an hour, or until they look perfectly
white, then take out one at a time, pat with your hands to loosen the
outer skin and pull it off. Beat or rub them to a smooth paste with a
wooden spoon, season with salt and pepper and a very little mace; add a
beaten egg and about one-half cup of bread crumbs. Heat fat in a spider
and fry large spoonfuls of this mixture in it.
Veal, mutton, lamb, beef and turkey croquettes may be prepared in the
same way as chicken croquettes.
MEAT AND BOILED HOMINY CROQUETTES
Cut the boiled sweetbreads into small dice with a silver knife. Mix with
mushrooms, using half the quantity of mushrooms that you have of
sweetbreads. Use two eggs in the sauce.
Veal is often mixed with chicken, or is used alone as a substitute for
chicken. Season in same manner and make the same combinations.
Finely chop cold cooked cauliflower, mix in one small, finely chopped
onion, one small bunch of parsley finely chopped, one-half cup of bread
crumbs and one well-beaten egg. Carefully mix and mold into croquette
forms, dip in cracker dust and fry in deep, smoking fat until a light
EGGPLANT CROQUETTES (ROUMANIAN)
Peel the eggplant, place in hot water and boil until tender, drain, add
two eggs, salt, pepper, two tablespoons of matzoth or white flour or
bread crumbs, beat together; fry in butter or oil by tablespoonfuls.
CROQUETTES OF FISH
Take any kind of boiled fish, separate it from the bones carefully, chop
with a little parsley, salt and pepper to taste. Beat up one egg with
one teaspoon of milk and flour. Roll the fish into balls and turn them
in the beaten egg and cracker crumbs or bread. Fry a light brown. Serve
with any sauce or a mayonnaise.
Work into two cups of mashed potatoes, a tablespoon of melted butter,
until smooth and soft; add one egg well-beaten and beat all together
with a wooden spoon. Season with salt and nutmeg. Roll each in beaten
egg then in bread crumbs, fry in hot oil or butter substitute. If
desired chicken-fat may be substituted for the butter and the croquettes
fried in deep fat or oil.
SWEET POTATO CROQUETTES
Press through a ricer sufficient hot baked sweet potatoes to measure one
pint. Place over the fire. Add one teaspoon of butter or drippings, the
beaten yolks of two eggs, pepper and salt to taste, and beat well with a
fork until the mixture leaves the sides of the pan. Cool slightly, form
into cones, roll in fine bread crumbs; dip in beaten eggs, roll again in
crumbs and fry in hot oil or fat.
PEANUT AND RICE CROQUETTES
To one cup of freshly cooked rice allow one cup of peanut butter, four
tablespoons of minced celery, one teaspoon of grated onion, one
tablespoon of canned tomatoes, and salt and pepper to taste. Mix well;
add the white of one egg, reserving the yolk for coating the croquettes.
Shape into croquettes and let stand in a cold place for an hour, then
coat with the egg yolk mixed with one tablespoon of water and roll in
stale bread crumb dust until well covered. Fry in any hot oil or butter
RICE CROQUETTES, No. 1
Separate the white and yolk of one egg and reserve about half the yolk
for coating the croquette. Beat the rest with the white. Mix with two
cups of boiled or steamed rice and one-half teaspoon of salt, form into
oblong croquettes or small balls. Mix the reserved part of the egg yolk
with a tablespoon of cold water. Dip croquettes in this and then roll in
fine bread crumbs. Repeat until well-coated, then fry brown in deep
RICE CROQUETTES, No. 2
Put on with cold water one cup of rice, and let boil until tender.
Drain, and mix with the rice, one tablespoon of butter, yolks of three
eggs, and pinch of salt. About one tablespoon of flour may be added to
hold the croquettes together. Beat the whites of the three eggs to a
stiff froth, reserving some of the beaten white for egging croquettes,
mix this in last, shape into croquettes and fry in hot oil or butter
substitute. Place on platter and serve with a lump of jelly on each
CALF'S BRAINS (SOUR)
Lay the brains in ice-water and then skin. They will skin easily by
taking them up in your hands and patting them, this will help to loosen
all the skin and clotted blood that adheres to them. Lay in cold salted
water for an hour at least, then put on to boil in half vinegar and half
water (a crust of rye bread improves the flavor of the sauce). Add one
onion, cut up fine, ten whole peppers, one bay leaf, one or two cloves
and a little salt, boil altogether about fifteen minutes. Serve on a
platter and decorate with parsley. Eat cold.
CALF'S BRAINS FRIED
Clean as described in calf's brains cooked sour; wipe dry, roll in
rolled cracker flour, season with salt and pepper and fry as you would
BRAINS (SWEET AND SOUR)
Clean as described above. Lay in ice-cold salted water for an hour. Cut
up an onion, a few slices of celery root, a few whole peppers, a little
salt and a crust of rye bread. Lay the brains upon this bed of herbs and
barely cover with vinegar and water. Boil about fifteen minutes, then
lift out the brains, with a perforated skimmer, and lay upon a platter
to cool. Take a "lebkuchen," some brown sugar, a tablespoon of molasses,
one-half teaspoon of cinnamon, a few seedless raisins and a few pounded
almonds. Moisten this with vinegar and add the boiling sauce. Boil the
sauce ten minutes longer and pour scalding over the brains. Eat cold and
decorate with slices of lemon.
Put one tablespoon of fat in skillet, and when hot add two tablespoons
of flour, rub until smooth, and brown lightly, then add one-half can of
tomatoes, season with salt, pepper, finely-chopped parsley, and a dash
of cayenne pepper, and the brains which have previously been cleaned,
scalded with boiling water, and cut in small pieces. Cook a few minutes,
and then fill the shells with the mixture. Over each shell sprinkle
bread crumbs, and a little chicken-fat. Put shells in pan and brown
nicely. Serve with green peas.
BRAINS WITH EGG SAUCE
Wash brains well, skin, boil fifteen minutes in salt water; slice in
stew-pan some onions, salt, pepper, ginger and a cup of stock. Put in
the brains with a little marjoram; let it cook gently for one-half hour.
Mix yolks of two eggs, juice of a lemon, a teaspoon of flour, a little
chopped parsley; when it is rubbed smooth, stir it into saucepan; stir
well to prevent curdling.
Boil a chicken in as little water as possible until the meat falls from
the bones, chop rather fine and season with pepper and salt. Put into a
mold a layer of the chopped meat and then a layer of hard-boiled eggs,
cut in slices. Fill the mold with alternate layers of meat and eggs
until nearly full. Boil down the liquor left in the kettle until half
the quantity. While warm, add one-quarter of a cup aspic, pour into the
mold over the meat. Set in a cool place overnight to jelly.
Boil one or more chickens just as you would for fricassee, using as
little water as possible. When tender remove all the meat from the bone
and take off all the skin. Chop as fine as possible in a chopping bowl
(it ought to be chopped as fine as powder). Add all the liquor the
chicken was boiled in, which ought to be very little and well seasoned.
Press it into the shape of a brick between two platters, and put a heavy
weight over it so as to press hard. Set away to cool in ice-chest and
garnish nicely with parsley and slices of lemon before sending to the
table. It should be placed whole upon the table, and sliced as served.
Serve pickles and olives with it. Veal may be pressed in the same way,
some use half veal and half chicken, which is equally nice.
HOME-MADE CHICKEN TAMALES
Boil till tender one large chicken. Have two quarts of stock left when
chicken is done. Remove chicken and cut into medium-sized pieces. Into
the stock pour gradually one cup of corn meal or farina, stirring until
it thickens. If not the proper consistency, add a little more meal.
Season with one tablespoon of chili sauce, three tablespoons of tomato
catsup, salt, one teaspoon of Spanish pepper sauce. Simmer gently thirty
minutes, then add chicken. Serve in ramekins.
CHICKEN FRICASSEE, WITH NOODLES
Prepare a rich "Chicken Fricassee" (recipe for which you will find among
poultry recipes), but have a little more gravy than usual. Boil some
noodles or macaroni in salted water, drain, let cold water run through
them, shake them well and boil up once with chicken. Serve together on a
SWEETBREAD GLACE, SAUCE JARDINIERE WITH SPAGHETTI
Put on some poultry drippings to heat in a saucepan, cut up an onion,
shredded very fine and then put in the sweetbreads, which have been
picked over carefully and lain in salt water an hour before boiling.
Salt and pepper the sweetbreads before putting in the kettle, slice two
tomatoes on top and cover up tight and set on the back of stove to
simmer slowly. Turn once in a while and add a little soup stock. Boil
one-half cup of string beans, half a can of canned peas, one-half cup of
currants, cut up extremely fine, with a tablespoon of drippings, a
little salt and ground ginger. When the vegetables are tender, add to
the simmering sweetbreads. Thicken the sauce with a teaspoon of flour.
Have the sauce boiled down quite thick. Boil the spaghetti in salted
water until tender. Serve with the sweetbreads.
CHICKEN A LA SWEETBREAD
Take the breast of chicken that has been fricasseed, cut up into small
pieces, and add mushrooms. Make brown sauce. Serve in pate shells.
Wash the sweetbreads very carefully and remove all bits of skin and
fatty matter. Cover with cold water, salt and boil for fifteen minutes.
Then remove from the boiling water and cover with cold water. Sprinkle
with salt and pepper, roll in beaten egg and bread crumbs, and fry a
nice brown in hot fat.
SWEETBREAD SAUTE WITH MUSHROOMS
Clean sweetbread, boil until tender, and cut in small pieces. Take one
tablespoon of fat, blend in one tablespoon of flour; add half the
liquor of a can of mushrooms and enough soup stock to make the necessary
amount of gravy; add a little catsup, mushroom catsup, and a few drops
of kitchen bouquet, a clove of garlic, and a small onion; salt and
pepper to taste. Cook this about an hour, and then remove garlic and
onion. Add sweetbreads, mushrooms, and two hard-boiled eggs chopped very
VEAL SWEETBREADS (FRIED)
Wash and lay your sweetbreads in slightly salted cold water for an hour;
Pull off carefully all the outer skin, wipe dry and sprinkle with salt
and pepper. Heat some goose-fat in a spider, lay in the sweetbreads and
fry slowly on the back of the stove, turning frequently until they are a
CALF'S FEET, PRUNES AND CHESTNUTS
Two calf's feet, sawed into joints, seasoned with pepper and salt a day
before using. Place in an iron pot, one-half pound Italian chestnuts
that have been scalded and skinned, then the calf's feet, one-eighth
pound of raisins, one pound of fine prunes, one small onion, one small
head of celery root, two olives cut in small pieces, one-eighth teaspoon
of paprika, one cup of soup stock. Stew slowly for five hours, and add
one hour before serving, while boiling, a wine glass claret and a wine
glass sherry. Do not stir.
CALF'S FEET, SCHARF
Take calf's feet, saw into joints; put on to boil within cold water and
boil slowly until the gristle loosens from the bones. Season with salt,
pepper; and a clove or two of garlic. Serve hot or cold to taste.
CALF'S FOOT JELLY, No. 1
After carefully washing one calf's foot, split and put it on with one
quart water. Boil from four to five hours. Strain and let stand
overnight. Put on stove next day and when it begins to boil add the
stiff-beaten whites of two eggs; boil till clear, then strain through
cheesecloth. Add sherry and sugar to taste. Let it become firm before
SULZE VON KALBSFUESSEN (CALF'S FOOT JELLY), No. 2
Take one calf's head and four calf's feet, and clean carefully. Let them
lay in cold water for half an hour. Set on to boil with four quarts of
water. Add two or three small onions, a few cloves, salt, one teaspoon
of whole peppers, two or three bay leaves, juice of a large lemon
(extract the seeds), one cup of white wine and a little white wine
vinegar (just enough to give a tart taste). Let this boil slowly for
five or six hours (it must boil until it is reduced one-half). Then
strain, through a fine hair sieve and let it stand ten or twelve hours.
Remove the meat from the bones and when cold cut into fine pieces. Add
also the boiled brains (which must be taken up carefully to avoid
falling to pieces). Skim off every particle of fat from the jelly and
melt slowly. Add one teaspoon of sugar and the whipped whites of three
eggs, and boil very fast for about fifteen minutes, skimming well.
Taste, and if not tart enough, add a dash of vinegar. Strain through a
flannel bag, do not squeeze or shake it until the jelly ceases to run
freely. Remove the bowl and put another under, into which you may press
out what remains in the bag (this will not be as clear, but tastes quite
as good). Wet your mould, put in the jelly and set in a cool place. In
order to have a variety, wet another mould and put in the bits of meat,
cut up, and the brains and, lastly, the jelly; set this on ice. It must
be thick, so that you can cut it into slices to serve.
Set on to boil two calf's feet, chopped up, one pound of beef and one
calf's head with one quart water and one cup of white wine. Add one
celery root, three small onions, a bunch of parsley, one dozen whole
peppercorns, half a dozen cloves, two bay leaves and a teaspoon of fine
salt. Boil steadily for eight hours and then pour through a fine hair
sieve. When cold remove every particle of fat and set on to boil again,
skimming until clear. Then break two eggs, shells and all, into a deep
bowl, beat them up with one cup of vinegar, pour some of the soup stock
into this and set all back on the stove to boil up once, stirring all
the while. Then remove from the fire and pour through a jelly-bag as you
would jelly. Pour into jelly-glasses or one large mould. Set on ice.
GANSLEBER IN SULZ (GOOSE-LIVER ASPIC)
Fry a large goose liver in goose-fat. Season with salt, pepper, a few
whole cloves and a very little onion. Cut it up in slices and mix with
the sulz and the whites of hard-boiled eggs.
GANSLEBER PUREE IN SULZ
After the liver is fried, rub it through a sieve or colander and mix
If very large cut in half, dry well on a clean cloth, after having lain
in salted water for an hour. Season with fine salt and pepper, fry in
very hot goose-fat and add a few cloves. While frying cut up a little
onion very fine and add. Then cover closely and smother in this way
until you wish to serve. Dredge the liver with flour before frying and
turn occasionally. Serve with a slice of lemon on each piece of liver.
GOOSE LIVER WITH GLACED CHESTNUTS
Prepare as above and garnish with chestnuts which have been prepared
thus: Scald until perfectly white, heat some goose-fat, add nuts, a
little sugar and glaze a light brown.
GOOSE LIVER WITH MUSHROOM SAUCE
Take a large white goose liver, lay in salt water for an hour (this rule
applies to all kinds of liver), wipe dry, salt, pepper and dredge with
flour. Fry in hot goose-fat. Cut up a piece of onion, add a few cloves,
a few slices of celery, cut very fine, whole peppers, one bay leaf, and
some mushrooms. Cover closely and stew a few minutes. Add lemon juice to
Boil in salt water one-half pound calf's liver. Drain and cut into small
cubes. Chop one onion, one tablespoon parsley, some mint; add two
cloves, a little cinnamon, a little tabasco sauce, one tablespoon olive
oil, and one cup of soup stock. Add one cup of bread crumbs which have
been soaked in hot water and then drained. Mix all with the liver and
bring to a boil. Serve with Spanish rice.
Clean the milt thoroughly and boil with your soup meat. Set to boil with
cold water and let it boil about two hours. Then take it out and cut
into finger lengths and prepare the following sauce: Heat one tablespoon
of drippings in a spider. When hot cut up a clove of garlic very fine
and brown slightly in the fat. Add a tablespoon of flour, stirring
briskly, pepper and salt to taste and thin with soup stock, then the
pieces of milt and let it simmer slowly. If the sauce is too thick add
more water or soup stock. Some add a few caraway seeds instead of the
garlic, which is a matter of taste.
GEFILLTE MILZ (MILT)
Clean the milt by taking off the thin outer skin and every particle of
fat that adheres to it. Lay it on a clean board, make an incision with
a knife through the centre of the milt, taking care not to cut through
the lower skin, and scrape with the edge of a spoon, taking out all the
flesh you can without tearing the milt and put it into a bowl until
wanted. In the meantime dry the bread, which you have previously soaked
in water, in a spider in which you have heated some suet or goose oil,
and cut up part of an onion in it very fine. When the bread is
thoroughly dried, add it to the flesh scraped from the milt. Also two
eggs, one-half teaspoon of salt, pepper, nutmeg and a very little thyme
(leave out the latter if you object to the flavor), and add a speck of
ground ginger instead. Now work all thoroughly with your hands and fill
in the milt. The way to do this is to fill it lengthwise all through the
centre and sew it up; when done prick it with a fork in several places
to prevent its bursting while boiling. You can parboil it after it is
filled in the soup you are to have for dinner, then take it up carefully
and brown slightly in a spider of heated fat; or form the mixture into a
huge ball and bake it in the oven with flakes of fat put here and there,
basting often. Bake until a hard crust is formed over it.
CALF'S LIVER SMOTHERED IN ONIONS
Heat some goose fat in a stew-pan with a close-fitting lid. Cut up an
onion in it and when the onion is of a light yellow color, place in the
liver which you have previously sprinkled with fine salt and dredged
with flour. Add a bay leaf, five cloves and two peppercorns. Cover up
tight and stew the liver, turning it occasionally and when required
adding a little hot water.
Slice three or four livers from chicken or other fowl and dredge well
with flour. Fry one minced onion in one tablespoon of fat until light
brown. Put in the liver and shake the pan over the fire to sear all
sides. Add one-half teaspoon of salt, one-eighth teaspoon of paprika and
one-half cup of strong soup stock. Allow it to boil up once. Add one
tablespoon claret or sherry and serve immediately on toast.
Buy beef casings of butcher. Make a filling of fat, flour (using
one-third cup fat to one cup flour) and chopped onions. Season well with
salt and pepper, cut them in short lengths, fasten one end, stuff and
then fasten the open end. If they are not already cleaned the surface
exposed after filling the casing is scraped until cleaned after having
been plunged into boiling water. Slice two large onions in a
roasting-pan, and roast the kischkes slowly until well done and well
browned. Baste frequently with liquid in the pan.
Prepare as above. If the large casings are used they need not be cut in
shorter lengths. Boil for three hours in plenty of water and when done,
put in frying-pan with one tablespoon of fat, cover and let brown
nicely. Serve hot.
HASHED CALF'S LUNG AND HEART
Lay the lung and heart in water for half an hour and then put on to boil
in a soup kettle with your soap meat intended for dinner. When soft,
remove from the soup and chop up quite fine. Heat one tablespoon of
goose fat in a spider; chop up an onion very fine and add to the heated
fat. When yellow, add the hashed lung and heart, salt, pepper, soup
stock and thicken with flour. You may prepare this sweet and sour by
adding a little vinegar and brown sugar, one-half teaspoon of cinnamon
and one tablespoon of molasses; boil slowly; keep covered until ready to
TRIPE A LA CREOLE
Boil tripe with onion, parsley, celery, and seasoning; cut in small
pieces, then boil up in the following sauce: Take one tablespoon of fat,
brown it with two tablespoons of flour; then add one can of boiled and
strained tomatoes, one can of mushrooms, salt and pepper to taste. Serve
TRIPE, FAMILY STYLE
Scald and scrape two pounds tripe and cut into inch squares. Take big
kitchen spoon of drippings and put in four large onions quartered and
three small cloves of garlic cut up very fine. Let steam, but not brown.
When onions begin to cook, put in tripe and steam half an hour. Then
cover tripe with water and let cook slowly three hours. Boil a few
potatoes and cut in dice shapes and add to it. Half an hour before
serving, add the following, after taking off as much fat from the tripe
as possible: Three tablespoons of flour thinned with little water; add
catsup, paprika, ginger, and one teaspoon of salt. It should all be
quite thick, like paste, when cooked.
BOILED TONGUE, (SWEET AND SOUR)
Lay the fresh tongue in cold water for a couple of hours and then put it
on to boil in enough water to barely cover it, adding salt. Boil until
tender. To ascertain when tender run a fork through the thickest part. A
good rule is to boil it, closely covered, from three to four hours
steadily. Pare off the thick skin which covers the tongue, cut into even
slices, sprinkle a little fine salt over each piece and then prepare the
following sauce: Put one tablespoon of drippings in a kettle or spider
(goose fat is very good). Cut up an onion in it, add a tablespoon of
flour and stir, adding gradually about a pint of the liquor in which the
tongue was boiled. Cut up a lemon in slices, remove the seeds, and add
two dozen raisins, a few pounded almonds, a stick of cinnamon and a few
cloves. Sweeten with four tablespoons of brown sugar in which you have
put one-half teaspoon of ground cinnamon, one tablespoon of molasses and
two tablespoons of vinegar. Let this boil, lay in the slices of tongue
and boil up for a few minutes.
Take a pickled tongue, cut it open; chop or grind some corned beef; add
one egg; brown a little onion, and add some soaked bread; fill tongue
with it, and sew it up and boil until done.
Put on to boil in a large kettle, fill with cold water, enough to
completely cover the tongue; keep adding hot water as it boils down so
as to keep it covered with water until done. Keep covered with a lid
while boiling and put a heavy weight on the top of the lid so as not to
let the steam escape. (If you have an old flat iron use it as a weight.)
It should boil very slowly and steadily for four hours. When tongue is
cooked set it outdoors to cool in the liquor in which it was boiled. If
the tongue is very dry, soak overnight before boiling. In serving slice
very thin and garnish with parsley.
Scald tongue, and then skin. Season well with salt and pepper and slice
an onion over it. Let it stand overnight. Put some drippings in a
covered iron pot, and then the tongue, with whatever juice the seasoning
drew. Cover closely and let it cook slowly until tender--about three
PICKLED BEEF TONGUE
Select a large, fresh beef tongue. Soak in cold water one-half hour.
Crush a piece of saltpetre, size of walnut, one teacup of salt, one
teaspoon of pepper, three small cloves of garlic cut fine; mix
seasoning. Drain water off tongue. With a pointed knife prick tongue;
rub in seasoning. Put tongue in crock; add the balance of salt, etc.;
cover with plate and weight. Allow to stand from four to five days.
Without washing off the seasoning, boil in fresh water until tender.